Pampi Ghosh1 and Debabrata Das 2

1Seva Bharati Mahavidyalaya, Kapgari, Jhargram, West Bengal-721505 (India) 2Lalgarh Govt. College, Lalgarh, Jhargram, West Bengal-721516 (India)


Vesicular Arbuscular (VA) mycorrhizal fungi play a crucial role in the soil of forest ecosystem which is a potent microorganism that can be used as bio-fertilizer to improve the quality and quantity of crops. It is found everywhere i.e. agriculture land, grassland, forest and in various garden soils. The spore and mycelia found in soils which are active during vegetative growth of the plants though during winter the soil contains a large number of spores compare to the other seasons in most of the places not in confined Indian soil. The colonization percentage of root of higher plants shows highest significant infection during monsoon followed by winter and summer in a same field. Details study of VAM infection in garden soil also shows the same pattern but certain circumstances they showed significant increase in number of VAM colonization during post monsoon because of artificial watering in the soil. No study of anthill soil has been taken by authors to study the VAM spores till date to access the atmosphere of environment in forest of south Bengal. Therefore, the present study is a study of anthill soil containing VAM spores in lateritic sal (Shorea robusta) dominated southwest Bengal which shows common anthill in the territory of Forest.

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