Bhaskar Gogoi1, Durlov Lahon2

1Research Scholar, Department of Political Science, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014 (India) 2Research Scholar, Department of Geography, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014 (India) Corresponding Author Email:


Biodiversity plays an important role in climate regulation. Biodiversity conservation will lead to the strengthening of ecosystem resilience and will improve the ability of an ecosystem to provide important services during increasing climate pressures. But due to anthropogenic activities, the global climate has changed over the last few decades. Because of its geo-ecological fragility, strategic location in relation to the eastern Himalayan landscape and international borders, transboundary river basins, and inherent socio-economic instabilities, the Northeastern Region of India is expected to be not only negatively affected by India’s biological resources, but also highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Biodiversity and the security and sustainability of the region are and will be greatly challenged by these impacts. The region falls under a high rainfall zone with a subtropical type of climate. Still, under influence of global climate change even high rainfall areas are facing drought-like situations in the current years. Droughts and floods are the adverse climatic conditions arising out of deficit and excess rainfall, respectively. The increasing deforestation in Northeast Himalayas is a great concern for the region. This article discusses the importance of biodiversity, the consequences faced by the plants, animals, humans, and ecosystem owing to climate change, and also control measures or strategies should be taken for the conservation of biodiversity which can protect the earth from the consequence of climate change.

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