Jisa John*

Post Graduate Department and Research Centre of Botany, Mahatma Gandhi College, Thiruvananthapuram-695 004 (India) jisajohn92@gmail.com


Micropropagation is the art and science of plant multiplication in vitro. It can be defined as the production of miniature planting materials by vegetative multiplication. This method can be considered as an alternative method to conventional method of propagation with the objective of enhancing the rate of multiplication. Micropropagation helps in producing disease free plant materials. Phytohormones or plant growth regulators play an important role in tissue culture. Many studies revealed the role of hormones in plant tissue culture and how they affect the growth of plantlets. Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) belongs to the Solanaceae family a native to the South East Asian region and first domesticated there over 4000 years ago. It is one of the most important vegetables worldwide. This review gives the details of micropropagation studies in S. melongena as well as effect of phytohormones on micropropagation.

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