Vahid Imanipour1, Mohammadali Seyedhosseini2, and Danial Tarmast3

1,2,3Department of physical education, Parand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Niw City of Parandr (Iran)


Aquatic exercise can refer to pool therapy, hydrotherapy, or balneotherapy. Hydrotherapy is frequently applied to patients with painful neurological or musculoskeletal alterations, because the heat and floatability of the water can block nociceptors by acting on thermal receptors and mechanoreceptors and exert a positive effect on spinal segmental mechanisms4. Warm water can also increase the blood flow, helping to dissipate allogeneic chemicals and enhance muscle relaxation. The present study aims to explore the effect of 10 weeks hydrotherapy on EDSS, ,TNF_ and IFN in female MS patients. The statistical population consists of 30 MS patients whose MS has been confirmed by a neurologist. They were divided into two groups based on inclusion criteria. Experimental group consisted of 15 and the control group consisted of 15 people with ages ranging from 22 to 51 and the weight of 58.9 ± 9.3 kg - Height of 153.5 ± 15.6 cm. Hydrotherapy program for the experimental group was implemented for 10 weeks, 3 sessions per week. Control group participated in none activity program in this period.According to the descriptive statistics, EDSS decreased in the experimental group after 10 weeks hydrotherapy. But no significant difference was seen in TNF_ and IFN in two groups.Results showed that endocrine and proinflammatory immune responses to physical exercise are not significantly altered in MS. So EDSS decreased in experimental group. On the other hand, participation in hydrotherapy programs led to benefit in the MS patients.

Key words : Multiple sclerosis, Hydrotherapy, TNF_α, IFNγ, EDSS, women.

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