P. Dewangan1, and V. Acharya2

Department of Botany, Govt. D.B. Girls College, Raipur-492001 (India)


The present study focuses on ethno medicinally important plants of family Leguminosae in Raipur district. Ethnomedicine basically deals with the traditional use of plants by aboriginal people to cure different ailments. The plant family Leguminosae is one of the largest family of flowering plants. Its use traditionally is very diverse in various ways as food, medicine, Timber, Non-Wood Forest Produces(NWFPs) etc. The work emphasizes on medicinal importance of some plants of this family which has been used traditionally. The study area is Raipur district in the state of Chhattisgarh situated in the central part of India. Information is gathered from various ethnic groups of the area, also literature is taken into consideration for the purpose. Plants like Hardwikia binnata (Anjan), Trigonella foenum-graecum (Methi), Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (Gawarphalli), Sesbania grandiflora (August), Cajanus cajan (Arhar), Dolichos biflorus (Kulthi), Psoralea corylifolia (Babchi), Butea monosperma (Palash) are used in various traditional medicine. Cajanus cajan is vastly cultivated as a pulse crop but it is also used in colic, convulsions and leprosy. Butea monosperma is used in various skin diseases, in ulcer, piles, and haemorrhages. Psoralea corylifolia is used in skin fungal infections. Likewise Dolichos biflorus is used in preparations made for post natal care. The information from this study would aware people about medicinal properties and usage of these plants. Also conservation practices would be encouraged due to its importance.

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