Nazir Ahmad Najar1 and Ajmal Mansoor2

School of Environmemtal Biology, Awadhesh Pratap Singh University Rewa-486003 (India)


Medicinal plants form a diverse group of flowering plants comprising approximately 8000 species and these accounts for around 50 percent of all the higher flowering plants of India. A large number of people use different medicinal plants for the treatment of various human and livestock ailments in India. Over one and half million practitioners of the Indian system of medicine in the oral and codified streams use medicinal plants in preventive, promotive and curative applications. This demand had shown a quantum jump in recent years in the supply of plant materials used and treaded across India. Medicinal plants have thus become major sectors of trade and commerce and are significantly contributing to the socio-economic developments of certain developed and developing countries like India. Among various states of India, Jammu and Kashmir harbour great rich biodiversity of economically important medicinal plants because it provides a diverse type of habitats for their growth. The Kashmir Himalayas supports a rich and spectacular biodiversity of great curiosity and promising economic benefits owing to its topographic variations. Keeping in view the significance of the subject, the present study was carried out to document the various aspects of ethno medicinally important plants of Gulmarg Himalayas (Jammu and Kashmir). The present study focuses on ethno medicinal use, conservation, and livelihood of the economically important medicinal plants of Gulmarg hills. It also aims at various essential medicinal products extracting from these medicinal plants from this region. In this study, a large area was studied in Gulmarg hills by questioning local Gujar and bakarwall people (nomad people) about the beneficial use of locally medicinal plants available there and the economic value of these medicinal plants.

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